In 1902, Tiffany Glass and Decorating Company became Tiffany Studio. By this point, the firm become extraordinarily a hit and predominantly recognized for its stained glass lamps, which were handcrafted by a group of over three hundred artisans. Though, for over a century, it became widely believed that Tiffany designed these portions, it has currently been verified that artist Clara Driscoll turned into truely the brains at the back of the lovely designs.
An icon of the Art Nouveau motion, an average stained glass lamp consists of a bronze stand topped with a stained glass coloration. Whether leaded or made with copper foil, each lampshade showcases both meticulous attention to detail and an inherent hobby in nature. Intricate patterns and motifs inspired with the aid of plants and fauna are specially common, with daisies and dragonflies serving as famous muses.
Much just like the designs that embellish them, the lamps’ silhouettes also frequently pay homage to the herbal international. Many popular Tiffany furnishings are formed like bushes, with the bottom, stand, and color acting as roots, a trunk, and foliage, respectively. Similarly, lots of those stained glass lampshades feature scalloped and irregularly-formed edges that suggest flower petals, butterfly wings, and different kinds located in nature.
In addition to nature, Tiffany Studio also located suggestion in geometry, culminating in a set of Arts and Crafts-esque lampshades. Though less ornate than the previous, these amazing lamps remain similarly loved. “Whether with understated, minimum accents of colour or showy, intricate layout statements,” the Chrysler Museum of Art says, “Tiffany lamps complemented just about every ornamental scheme.”
Leaded-glass lampshades were first introduced at Tiffany’s studios in 1898. Their manufacture changed into a extraordinarily collaborative and exertions-extensive procedure involving designers, glass selectors and cutters, glaziers, and more. From inception to final touch, each colour exceeded via the fingers of approximately a dozen specific craftspeople, each male and woman, and turned into a completely unique introduction way to the individualized method of glass selection.
Foster a deeper appreciation of the splendor and complexity of Tiffany’s lamps via gaining knowledge of approximately the painstaking paintings that went into their manufacturing:
The process began with a watercolor caricature of a proposed design. Once approved by Tiffany, a timber mold turned into made. The design changed into inscribed onto the mould and patterns have been created as courses to reduce the glass.
Each piece of glass became decided on from a larger sheet. The glass selector faced limitless options because every sheet of glass numerous in coloration, shading, and opacity. After careful deliberation, the selector made a decision and with the pattern in region, surpassed the sheet to the cutter.
Using a pitcher-cutting device with a diamond tip or metal wheel, the cutter scored and broke the glass so it matched the pattern. The shape was further subtle using a couple of groziers, or soft-tipped pliers. After each piece turned into reduce, it became affixed in vicinity on an easel.
Once the slicing became whole, the rims of each piece of glass had been wrapped in skinny strips of copper foil, with a slight overlap on the back and front.
Lampshade assembly started via setting a brass ring on pinnacle of the mould. One by one, the wrapped pieces of glass were positioned on the mildew, brushed with flux, and soldered together the usage of a warm soldering iron.
After all of the portions have been assembled, the colour changed into lifted off the mold, grew to become the wrong way up, and solder became implemented to the copper foil on the inside.
To stabilize the lampshade, a brass ring changed into soldered onto its bottom side.
The final step inside the fabrication method changed into to apply a patina, usually bronze or gold, to the silver solder strains.